Children in Poverty in the U.S.

Child poverty in America represents an extremely important topic. I cannot imagine the hardships that children, my age and younger, living under the federal poverty level, have to experience. Children who live in poverty can lack nourishment, shelter, and quality education. Growing up in poverty can cause children to have trouble having aspirations because they have been let down so often throughout their youth. This issue’s awareness needs to be raised in the American public, as 13 million children are impoverished in the United States.
ari_child.jpg

History

Childhood poverty signifies a social issue in America, for which no one has yet found a solution. In 2007, 13 million, or 17% of all children in the United States lived in poverty. Over a seven year period, from 2000-2006, the child poverty rate increased by 11%. Children living in poverty are subjected to hunger, insufficient education, and, in some cases, poor parenting, due to abandonment and lack of parental involvement.
The federal poverty line in the United States is a term that represents an income level less than $20,650 for a family of four. Poverty symbolizes the lack of material, concrete goods, such as food and money, as well as abstract needs, like love and attention. Growing up impoverished can be extremely detrimental to a child’s psyche and his or her outlook on life and its possibilities and opportunities.
Child poverty has also been related to race and to children of recent immigrants.

Graphs and Conclusions

ari_graph_1.jpg
This graph shows statistics regarding the nativity of impoverished children’s parents. The information explains that children are more prone to living in poverty if both their parents are immigrants rather than native-born Americans. However, children are most susceptible to being poor in situations where there are single parents, regardless of where those parents were born. The “Other” section of the pie graph entails all types of single parents and coupled parents with one immigrant and one native.

ari_graph_2.jpg
This graph depicts data on the percentage of children living in poverty in accordance to their particular races. For instance, the “Asian” bar represents 12% of Asian children are poor. The highest percentage of child poverty in a specific race is among Native Americans. This may be caused by the lack of career and life opportunity on the Indian Reservations for these children’s parents or the potentially small amount of funding and backing of the Reservations, from the government.

ari_graph_3.jpg
This graph illustrates the child poverty trend from 1979, when the level was at 16.2%, to when it reached an all-time high in 1993, at 22.5%, and its gradual decline since then. It seems as though people have been more motivated to make their lives better than how theirs were as youths. People could have gotten jobs, gone to college, and see how much more enjoyable and pleasant life could be if they put effort into their own. This incentive has, in turn, led to benefiting the childhoods of these people’s sons and daughters, who will now have better examples and role models to help form and enhance their lives.


Sources


http://www.nccp.org/publications/pub_787.html
http://nccp.org/topics/childpoverty.html
http://www.nccp.org/publications/pub_482.html
http://www.maxwell.syr.edu/news/releases/child_povertypt.html
http://www.abanet.org/irr/hr/winter05/childpovertyinus.html
http://www.carseyinstitute.unh.edu